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How to Start a Mobile Food Business

Today, a new generation of street-food lovers is lining up at food trucks and food carts like never before. Little do they know that neither food trucks nor food carts are new to the streets of American cities. Like so many other popular trends, they are the latest version of a long-standing part of American and world culture. Yet the street-food industry has never enjoyed so much publicity or notoriety.

According to Los Angeles-based industry-research firm IBISWorld, the street-food business -- including mobile food trucks and nonmechanized carts -- is a $1 billion industry that has seen an 8.4 percent growth rate from 2007 to 2012. It's very entrepreneurial: 78 percent of operators have four or fewer employees. The true number of these businesses is difficult to count, since the mobile food industry is comprised of food trucks, food carts and kiosks, which have appeared in malls as well as at train and bus stations, airports, stadiums, conference centers, resorts, and other locations in recent years.

Food-industry observers claim that the food-truck business is increasing largely in response to the slow-growing economy. People are seeking inexpensive breakfasts and lunches. Also, employees today are often pressed for time, with more work and shorter lunch hours. These factors make the mobile-food concept more appealing than ever.

From an entrepreneurial standpoint, kiosks, carts, trailers, and food trucks have a lower overhead than restaurants and can be moved if one location does not generate enough business. Rather than having to determine where to open a restaurant and worry about the old real-estate adage "location, location, location," the owner can actually drive to a new location, location, location if business is poor.

For customers, you add the convenience of having food favorites right outside a particular location -- or inside with a kiosk -- and meet several needs by serving mobile food. First, you offer food that is cost friendly because you need not pay wait staff or bussers. You also offer the convenience of quick service. In many cases you provide food choices that can save those on a busy schedule from the need to sit down. Typically customers can eat street foods while en route to their next destination. Finally, mobile food is often fun to eat and (if it's good) great to talk about.

Goin' Mobile: Your Options Even before you decide what foods to sell, you'll want to consider how you want to sell them.

Clearly, your decision on how to sell your foods will depend on:

Your startup money, budget and potential for returns Your commitment to the business: part time, full time, etc. Your creative ideas and what it will take to fulfill them Your experience at running a business The size of the business you want to start Your ideal demographic

These are a few of the considerations you will consider as you proceed, but for now, let's take a look at the common mobile-food entities.

Food Kiosks

Food kiosks are essentially booths or food stands that are temporary or mobile facilities used to prepare and sell food. Malls and stadiums are popular locations for food kiosks, which sell anything from pretzels and ice cream to more elaborate fare.

Although kiosks may have wheels, they are not mobile under their own power and in most cases need to be assembled. Most kiosks are rectangular and have room for two people to work within or stand behind, preparing and serving the food. They also have counter space and overhead signs.

The low overhead, flexibility and ease by which a kiosk can be opened and closed are among the reasons they're so popular. They are also an excellent choice in areas where your outdoor selling season would be limited by cold or nasty weather. Of course, the size of the kiosk limits the inventory, so it's important for a kiosk owner to carry as much as possible and price accordingly so that she can make money on what is on hand each day. Because they are usually operating indoors, kiosk owners typically sign licensing agreements at malls, stadiums, movie theaters, or other locations. Many major food businesses such as Ben & Jerry's and Baskin-Robbins franchise express kiosks.

Food Carts and Concession Trailers

The food cart and the concession trailer have been around for decades and combined are a multibillion-dollar industry today. The best known have always been hot-dog and ice-cream carts. They are among the most cost-effective ways to start a mobile food business because the carts are typically pulled by your car, truck or van, or pushed by hand. Food is either prepared in advance or purchased ready to sell -- like ice-cream pops or cups of Italian ices -- and stored, and then either heated up or pulled from the freezer. Carts are also fairly easy to maintain, and in many counties and communities, require less licensing than the full-size food trucks. It is also cost-effective if you choose to own several carts and hire friends, family or other employees to help run them for you.

There are two basic types of food carts. One has room for the vendor to sit or stand inside and serve food through a window. The other uses all the space in the cart for food storage and cooking equipment, which is typically a grill. The precise type of cart you'll want should be determined largely by the food being offered.

Modern-day food-cart owners have cleaned up the somewhat greasy reputation of street-food vendors. They have also expanded their menus. Kebobs and gyros came on the cart scene awhile ago, and vegetarian and Mediterranean salads have also caught on, as well as fish and chips. The Euro Trash food cart in Portland, Ore., for example, offers items like a prawn baguette with Portuguese curry prawns. And then there's Portland's Pie Lab, with slices of pie -- extra for ice cream or whipped cream on top.

Trailers, like carts, do not move under their own power, limiting their potential locations. Food trailers are often found at fairs, carnivals, sporting events, or other places where they can be unhitched and sit for awhile. Unlike most carts, trailers allow for cooking and have room for two or three people inside. Skillet Street Food in Seattle operates from an Airstream trailer with a full kitchen within. In short, a trailer can provide more options than a cart but is still less expensive than a truck.

Food Trucks

The food truck can carry any number of foods, and in some cases, more sophisticated equipment for storing, serving, cooking and preparing foods. Traditional food trucks were known for providing lunches, typically stocking sandwiches, kebobs, tacos, burgers and other standard fare for the lunch crowd. Many have expanded to include healthier vegetarian and vegan offerings, as well as not-so-healthy barbeque ribs. They do big business in corporate parks and places that have limited access to restaurants. Most food trucks are stocked from concessionaires, but there is a growing number that are associated with fast-food and midlevel restaurants. Sizzler and California Pizza Kitchen, for example, are putting together their own food trucks, as are other chains.

Larger than carts, trucks can carry more food and handle more business. However, food trucks need more space to park both when doing business and when off-duty. Essentially, there are two types of food trucks. One is the mobile food preparation vehicle (MFPV) where food is prepared as customers wait, hopefully not very long. The other is the industrial catering vehicle (ICV), which sells only prepackaged foods. An MFPV costs more than an ICV, and both cost more than a food cart. For example, a used hotdog cart may cost under $2,500, while a retrofitted used food truck would typically cost $30,000 or more. A newly designed food truck retrofitted MFPV with new all equipment could cost you upward of $100,000.

Complying with health-department rules and regulations can also drive up food-truck costs. Clearly, a smaller truck, a used truck, or a truck with limited equipment costs less. Therefore, it is up to you to determine whether you'll be cooking in the truck, preparing food somewhere else and serving from the vehicle, or selling prepared and prepackaged foods.

Gourmet Food Trucks

Basically the same as a food truck, the gourmet food truck takes food quality to a higher level. They are run by ambitious young chefs who offer cuisine not typically found in food trucks, such as specialty crepes, kimchi pork-fries, osso bucco, velvet cupcakes, or the chicken marsala meatballs with cilantro chutney found in the Great Balls on Tires gourmet food truck. Like Great Balls on Tires, many gourmet trucks have specialties and themes. In addition, they let their clientele know where they'll be parked through their websites and social media sites like Twitter. While food trucks need not have kitchens, gourmet trucks are more likely to have food prepared on the spot -- and high-end food at that. At the start of the new gourmet food-truck craze, Los Angeles was clearly the place to find such high-end dining. Now, however, New York has gained its share of such fancy food vehicles, such as the Rickshaw Dumpling Bar and The Dessert Truck founded by a former Le Cirque pastry chef. And as the concept of serving fine food rolls along, other cities from Portland, Ore., to St Louis and on down to Miami's South Beach are jumping on the foodie bandwagon with their own regional favorites. Food Network chef Ingrid Hoffmann's black and pink Latin Burger and Taco Truck, for example, has become quite the rage in Miami.

The Mobile-Catering Business

Mobile-catering trucks can be defined in a variety of ways and can overlap with mobile food trucks. Here are three differences: First, a catering truck is hired for a specific event such as a picnic, party or fair. Secondly, the person hiring the catering vehicle can select from a catering menu. Third, a catering vehicle can be used to transport the foods, which are then handed out from inside the truck or set up at the event or gathering, typically on trays or buffet style. This can mean providing the food to be served outdoors or parking and serving from the truck as the food trucks do. The differences are primarily in the manner of doing business. Nonetheless, the need for a reliable vehicle, licensing, permits, sanitary conditions, a business plan, and startup money are quite similar to the requirements of a mobile-food business.

One of the advantages of a mobile-catering business is that you are not risking as much in inventory because you are cooking and bringing food as ordered for the party. Therefore, you are covered for your food costs. You also have a specific destination, so you need not worry whether your favorite destinations will be busy. Typically, you are less dependent on good weather because many catered functions will be indoors. As long as you can get there with the food, you are usually OK. Of course, you do need to line up enough work to support your business. The difference between a mobile-catering business and other catering businesses is that you are using the mobility of the truck to show up rather than having a catering hall or venue.

Can You Handle the Heat?

While it may look easy, the food-truck industry takes a lot of hard work. For Scott Baitinger and partner Steve Mai who run the famous Streetza pizza truck in Milwaukee, Wis., a typical day starts three or four hours before taking the truck out on the road. "First we'll stop at Sam's Club or Restaurant Depot and pick up fresh ingredients. Then we go to our off-site commissary kitchen where we do all the prep work, which includes rolling the dough, making sauces, cutting the vegetables, and all of the things you really can't do in a 10-by-10 truck," explains Baitinger, who still works a day job in advertising but handles the truck on nights and weekends. Mai runs the weekday shifts except at times in the winter when no one in Milwaukee wants to trek outside in three feet of snow -- not even for pizza.

Then the Streetza team, which also includes a small staff on various shifts, parks at well-selected locations and prepare and sell food. At the end of a day, which is typically when they run out of food or the crowds have dissipated, comes the cleanup. "It's a lot like a restaurant cleanup with stainless steel cleaners, scrubbing, mopping, and making sure everything is in perfect shape to start again tomorrow," adds Baitinger.

Most mobile food business owners follow a similar set routine, whether it includes running the kiosk, cart or truck themselves or having employees run it. The routine, as is the case with Streetza, may include very early morning food shopping a few days a week, if not every day. Then there is stocking the kiosk or vehicle and heading to your destination(s). There is also a need to take some time during the day for marketing, usually via Twitter or another social media. Most mobile food vendors work roughly 10 hours a day. There are also days in which a business owner needs to sit down in a quiet office space, preferably at home with his feet up, and do all of the bookkeeping: paying taxes and bills, renewing licenses, and handling other fun paperwork responsibilities. The work is tiring and the day is long.

Can you handle such a day on a regular basis?

Full article http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/220060

Fleet Insurance Faqs

The following are some of the frequently asked questions about getting cheap fleet insurance that you may also have in mind:

Q: How many vehicles can I have insured? A: Usually, there is no set limit as to the number of cars/vehicles that you can insure under a fleet policy. In fact, it is common to find policies that cover more than 500 vehicles. However, some companies impose a limit on the minimum number of vehicles to cover, which is usually three. A few insurers allow 2 cars. What is certain is that the more vehicles listed under a policy, the more expensive the total cost will be.

Q: Is the fleet type of policy applicable only for businesses? A: While the insurance cover is ideal for businesses that have multiple vehicles to insure, it is not exclusive for commercial purposes only. A lot of families and even individuals can take advantage of the benefits that the insurance offers.

Q: Are there restrictions on the kind of insurable vehicles? A: Practically all vehicle types other than a regular car can be covered under a fleet policy, and these include motorbikes, scooters, trucks, and vans. However, a classic or super car may require a specialized policy. This is due to the fact that such a car has a high value and its original parts can be hard to find.

Q: Can various vehicle types can be insured in one policy? A: Normally, insuring vehicles of different types under a single policy would not be an issue. If you are the owner of a taxi business, for instance, and you have mini-buses and mini-cabs in your fleet, then you can have all of them covered by the same policy, which will make things a lot more convenient for your company.

Q: What factors can affect policy cost? A: A number of key factors may affect the amount you have to shell out for your fleet insurance cover. These include: * The number of vehicles to cover * How you use the vehicles * The vehicle types * How secure the vehicles in your fleet are * The number of designated drivers * The value/cost of the vehicles * Where the fleet is stored

Q: What is the process of making a claim? A: The claim process is quite simple. Since the insurance company already has the pertinent information about all the insured vehicles, you only have to inform your provider which vehicle you need to file a claim for, as well as the details surrounding the claim.

Q: What special steps, if any, do I need to take when maintaining fleet insurance? A: First, you must make sure that the Motor Insurance Database in the UK has the latest information about all vehicles included in your fleet. A lot of businesses acquire and sell vehicles on a regular basis. Thus, as the owner of the policy, it is part of your responsibility to ensure that the MID is updated with the right information. If you fail to do so, your vehicles may be impounded and meted with insurance claims that you may or may not have any involvement.

Ways To Select The Best Traders Insurance

Under the UK law, those engaged in the motor trade company are required to get an insurance policy which covers every aspect of business. The purpose of this is to secure business from the effects of accidents and comparable dangers which, in turn, produces a favourable impact on the nation's economy. And since there are a number of types of policies to choose from, there will always be one which completely matches the particular needs of specific companies, be they huge or small. Nevertheless, traders are typically lost regarding where they must start. They typically have concerns about which among the policies would best fit their kind of service, insurance coverage quotation concerns, and other comparable issues. Thankfully, there are just 3 steps to help traders choose their issue.

1. The first step is to make a cautious assessment of the kind of business one is running. For example, a trader engaged in a small-scale automobile buy-and-sell business needs a different kind of traders insurance plan from that of a person running a MOT centre. The trader must likewise examine if he has staff members who should be covered by liability insurance coverage so that they might be secured while driving.

2. The 2nd action is for the trader to identify the protection he wants based upon the roadway threat level. There are three choices to choose from, namely the Third Party insurance, Third Party Fire and Theft insurance, and the Comprehensive insurance. The first option provides fundamental damage coverage to third parties, and is normally the cheapest. The second choice offers both damage coverage to third parties, as well as indemnity to fire and theft-related damages to cars which are within the custody of the trader. The last option uses the broadest coverage, and includes indemnity for accidental damage to cars-- these cars may either come from 3rd parties, those under the trader's control, and even his own.

3. The third action is for the trader to figure out the possible liabilities he might incur in the natural course of his business. Liability insurance coverage is divided into public liability, item liability, and company's liability. Public liability insurance covers damages triggered to the public, which also includes injuries sustained by clients within business properties. The 2nd type guarantees making use of quality items, and guarantees the customer against dangers associated with defective products. The employer's liability insurance, on the other hand, is a legal requirement which aims to offer coverage to employees in case of unfortunate incidences while at work.

To conclude, searching for the very best traders insurance plan needs a decent quantity of time for proper research work. A trader must keep in mind that the purpose of these policies is to manage extra defense to his organisation and financial resources. And for that reason alone, he needs to make certain that he will be investing his loan in something which meets his specific needs. With the help of these actions, traders can be directed in limiting their choices in order to choose just the best.

Driver Regulations In The Uk For Hgv Vehicles

There are regulations for drivers of heavy good vehicles (HGV) which are often used for same day delivery, are not the same as those of the normal vehicles. In the UK a driver who does not abide by such rules and regulations can be penalised or the company he or she is working for can be made to pay that penalty. Some of those regulations include:

The Driver Must Have A HGV Licence

Just because you have a normal licence does not mean that you are licensed to drive HGV vehicles. You have to go for an official HGV licence so that you can drive such a vehicle. The licences come in two forms depending on the maximum weight the vehicle can carry. Those licences include the N2 and the N3, where the N2 is for those vehicles that can carry a maximum of 12 tonnes and a minimum of 3.5 tonnes. For the latter, the maximum allowed mass is beyond 12 tonnes.

Keep Up To Date With The Road Regulations

Different road rules and regulations will change now and then. Also, the road signs are subject to change which means that you have to refresh what you already know. A good driver should ensure that they have this in check as it will help you to carry out your operations with ease. You thus have to keep updating yourself on the rules and signs on the road to stay abreast with what is happening on the road.

Annual Vehicle Testing For Roadworthy

You have to take the trucks for check-up and testing to see if they are roadworthy. It is an annual testing process that aims to make sure that roadworthy vehicles are on the road and those which do not pass the test do not make their way on the road. As a driver, you have to provide proof of this when the need arises.

You Should Only Drive For Up To 10 Hours Daily

It is the maximum number of hours which you are allowed to drive. Driving such heavy vehicles for long distance can take a toll on your body. Your body needs to rest and thus you should not drive for too long beyond the set limit. Driving for a long time can lead to accidents and violation of such a regulation can lead to hefty penalties or failure for the insurance company to compensate for the risks if they occur.

You Should Take Breaks Within Driving Hours

The regulations for drivers of HGV vehicles do not specify when or after how long you should take the breaks. In that case, it can be cumulative. However, if you are driving 9 hours a day, then you should take about 45 minutes break in that day. For example, after driving for 4 or 5 hours, you can take 45 minutes break before you proceed to drive for another 4 or 5 hours. Also, you can choose to drive for 2 hours and rest for 15 minutes, take over again and drive for 3 hours, take a 20-minute break and 10 minutes break in 2 hours' drive. Provided that all these breaks add up to 45 minutes for a 9-hour drive, you will be in line with the driver regulations for HGV.

Weight Guidelines For Courier Vehicles

Same day courier service providers in the UK use volumetric weight to measure items which they receive from clients. Volumetric weight can be defined as the size measurement which is done by courier service providers to know how much an item weighs. Most sameday couriers use length x width x depth divided by 5000. This is done to make sure that items that are bulky are charged properly.

Take a 1m square box weighing exactly 1kg; it would not be right to deliver that box at the same price as one that is 10cm square 1kg box because it will take up a lot of space in the van. Going back to calculating the depth, width and length

AS an example, if a parcel size is 50cm in length, 30cm in width and 50cm in height, it will be 50cm x 30cm x 50 = 75,000 / 5000 = 15kgs. Therefore if the actual weight of a particular parcel is 5kgs and the volumetric weight was 15kgs then the greater weight of 15kg will be used to determine the price.

Providing The Right Dimensions

The best way that clients can find out if a courier can take their item is to use the quote engine found on their websites and it will tell them if their item can be picked up and delivered. Another useful tip of finding out the weight of an item, especially if purchased online, is to check the item details. Items bought on places like Amazon will have dimensions and weight listed on them. UK courier service providers have a measurement guide and the price does vary depending on where the item is going. It is important for clients to provide courier service providers with an accurate description of their item as is possible in the quote engine to get the best price and avoid any extra weight.

Good Packaging Is Essential To Prevent Overloading

The most effective way to prevent overloading is through training. Drivers who work for UK courier service providers know the correct weight limits of all the vehicles they drive and are fully aware of how much the vehicle can carry safely to prevent fines or accidents whilst on route to their destinations. If a journey requires multi-drops, UK courier service providers make sure that their drivers are well trained in how to best redistribute the load. Most UK courier service providers even go as far as educating their customers on how to properly package their goods to help drivers lift heavy weights because if parcels or goods are not properly packaged, they can either cause damage in the rear of the van or even cause harm to driver lifting them.

Weight Guidelines For Courier Vehicles

Same day courier service providers in the UK use volumetric weight to measure items which they receive from clients. Volumetric weight can be defined as the size measurement which is done by courier service providers to know how much an item weighs. Most Supersonic Sameday UK use length x width x depth divided by 5000. This is done to make sure that items that are bulky are charged properly.

Take a 1m square box weighing exactly 1kg; it would not be right to deliver that box at the same price as one that is 10cm square 1kg box because it will take up a lot of space in the van. Going back to calculating the depth, width and length

AS an example, if a parcel size is 50cm in length, 30cm in width and 50cm in height, it will be 50cm x 30cm x 50 = 75,000 / 5000 = 15kgs. Therefore if the actual weight of a particular parcel is 5kgs and the volumetric weight was 15kgs then the greater weight of 15kg will be used to determine the price.

Providing The Right Dimensions

The best way that clients can find out if a courier can take their item is to use the quote engine found on their websites and it will tell them if their item can be picked up and delivered. Another useful tip of finding out the weight of an item, especially if purchased online, is to check the item details. Items bought on places like Amazon will have dimensions and weight listed on them. UK courier service providers have a measurement guide and the price does vary depending on where the item is going. It is important for clients to provide courier service providers with an accurate description of their item as is possible in the quote engine to get the best price and avoid any extra weight.

Good Packaging Is Essential To Prevent Overloading

The most effective way to prevent overloading is through training. Drivers who work for UK courier service providers know the correct weight limits of all the vehicles they drive and are fully aware of how much the vehicle can carry safely to prevent fines or accidents whilst on route to their destinations. If a journey requires multi-drops, UK courier service providers make sure that their drivers are well trained in how to best redistribute the load. Most UK courier service providers even go as far as educating their customers on how to properly package their goods to help drivers lift heavy weights because if parcels or goods are not properly packaged, they can either cause damage in the rear of the van or even cause harm to driver lifting them.

The Better Advice Salt Lake City Tow Truck

Road Accidents This is one of the common examples where one might need such a service. If it happens that an accredited member drives a car owned by a colleague or a rental, the service policy covers that vehicle in case of a breakdown. Rather than placing the vehicle simply on the backyard, they can get cash for their junk automobile. You just need to make an emergency call and within no time, the team is there to help you.



Vehicles that have been disfigured by accidents cannot be driven therefore they have to be hauled. Flat tires or an out of gas emergency are some very common problems. Malfunctioning comes at any point of time. You never know where your car could break down.

Do you wish to receive get scrap car removal service? Usually, the service providers offer towing and recovery services Utah for all forms of vehicles that light duty, medium duty and heavy duty. There are also occasions that they are in places where they are just not supposed to be and there are laws that order them to be removed. They can jumpstart a customer's car if the car's battery has died. Hauling companies have trucks that are used in winching.

A towing service can save your ill vehicle in just about all possible conditions. You can approach a colleague within the same industry and inquire to establish what challenges to expect. If you locked you car with the keys inside ignition lock, just call us; Jardine Services Towing offers door unlock services for any type of vehicle in any situation. From their vast experience they have handled almost anything and can take up any tasks that arise.

Some services in this field are very basic in nature while some are advanced in nature. To provide good service in a timely manner every company has a team of professionals in towing. If you do, there are many 24 hour towing services that can help you in any emergency that you may have. If you ride motorcycle and want the same type of protection for your bike as you have for your car.

The company's tow trucks are capable of towing all types and sizes of vehicles, from cars to small trucks and caravans, machinery and even containers. One should search for the companies which have an experienced team of professionals. You can go to the Internet and undertake a search on the towing service providers. So whenever you are calling any company for getting services, you must confirm if that company is having such tools and equipments with them. Too many people who have invested a lot in their custom vehicles, don't take the same care in buying quality gear to move these vehicles from their property.

The fee is reasonable and it prevents you from having to pay a hefty sum all at once in case of an emergency. With the help of their website, they serve the customers who are searching for towing service. This type of assistance would consist of carrying a persons RV or tractor from one location to another. Many people prefer this method and will request it if at all possible. Go ahead today and find out the most reliable service providers in two services Utah.

Though many try to get ahold of the owner of the vehicle first, it is often necessary to get help from professionals when there is no response. Car owners should bear in mind that of their vehicles are still covered by warranty, the manufacturer will most likely offer emergency roadside assistance. Towing services are most well known for two things.

24 Hour Service - One great benefit of towing Salt Lake City Utah services is that they all generally offer a 24hour service. When you become a frequent customer you will often be able to negotiate frequent customer discounts with the towing company. You should check if the vehicle used by the company has extended side view mirrors because these help you see traffic both in the lanes next to you and behind you. Go ahead right away! It can happen at any time that you find yourself with the dilemma of car trouble.

This is a pretty efficient way for them to do business but it's also a way for customers to save money. As a matter of fact, if any heavy duty machine gets off a truck, it can injure people and destroy vehicles. When it comes to Towing, Salt Lake City residents have plenty of options. Local and state municipalities have different requirements and paperwork that needs to be completed and fees that need paid.

Things To Do Before Taking Your Accident Vehicle To Auto Body Repair Shop

People from different parts in Calgary drive a vehicle or another. No matter what you drive a two-wheeled or four-wheeled vehicle; there is always a possibility of traffic accidents. The number of motor vehicles on the road is rising every day. For this reason, many accidents occur today. If your car has an accident, you need to find a auto repair calgary shop that you can trust.

Due to the repair necessary after vehicle accident, it is nice to look for a good auto repair shop. But if you want to find a reliable professional, you need to take certain things into consideration.



Referrals or testimonials Ask friends, relatives and neighbors to see if they have any suggestions about any reliable auto body repair shop. The referral system is very useful in finding reliable shops. Renowned auto body provider still provides a quality service to serve its customers. Thus, referrals and customer recommendations are very beneficial for the pursuit of a professional shop. If your friend or family member feels intent with a shop, then definitely you can rely on the quality of their services.

You can also check the feedback of the companys customers. This will definitely give you a good idea concerning the companys reputation. You can review the company's reputation on Google. If you find any complaints or negative reviews, always check with the business bureaus. Competing companies may post negative comments about a company to damage their reputation. Therefore, you should always check the ratings with business bureaus.

Consult insurance company Talk to your insurance company before deciding on auto body repair shop. Although many insurance companies have a list of vendors, you have no obligation to take your car to these repair body shops. Before choosing a shop, always make sure that they offer the guarantee on all its services

Shop Environment It is your duty to check if the shop to be hired is having a friendly environment. All reputable shops have a good working environment. Therefore, the control of the environment will certainly help to assess the shops reputation. Paint booths must contain exhaust systems that include the paint particles and applied it.

Services offer Whether what you need is a smaller collision repairs or major structural damage, always look for an auto body shop that specialized in the various services. Always check their skills before you offer them contracts.

Infrastructural Facilities Ensure that the garage has the appropriate certifications and licenses. Certified shops always have access to the best mechanics and tools. Therefore they always come with a quality accident repair service. Experience with road accident is greatly stressful, but a reliable, trustworthy and dependable auto body repair shop will offer great service with a relaxed and stress free.

How To Save Money On Your Tow Truck Insurance

Saving money on commercial auto insurance should be a priority, yet it is important not to decrease the amount of coverage you already have. If one of your trucks is involved in an accident and your business does not have the right coverage it can cost you financially. Not only will you have to pay to get the truck repaired you are going to lose out on business while it is in the shop. There are much better ways to save on insurance rather than cutting your coverage. Let's take a quick look at a few options.

Raising the deductible might be a very good option for your business. It is going to help save you money in the here and now. If your truck is stolen or damaged in the future, you will just have to pay a little more out of your pocket.

Having the best drivers possible is as good of way as any as lowering your costs. Make sure that a motor vehicle report is run on every new hire. You can ask your insurance company to help you with this process, just be sure to notify your drivers in a timely manner. Keep in mind that businesses that require larger vehicles and drivers with a CDK often qualify for special discounts, so be sure to ask.

It is also important to choose your payment plan carefully. Many insurance agencies charge a much higher finance charge with some of their payment plans, while others offer no flexibility. Your goal is to find an insurer who offers low initial payments with no finance charges and has the ability to be flexible.

Without a doubt you never want to jump on the first insurance policy you see, take the time and shop around. You can save a substantial amount of money by ensuring that you choose the best plan for your business. Take the time to research and understand coverage, available services, and carriers to help you make the most informed decision possible.

There are services that are designed specifically for tow companies such as garage keepers legal liability and on-hook legal liability. On-hook legal liability simply covers towed property. Just recently a large insurer expanded this coverage to take into account more than just the vehicle in tow. Personal items, raw material, and equipment are now covered. In addition, any transaxle or transmission damage is now included in coverage as well. The limits for this insurance coverage have increased to $100,000.

Whereas garage keepers legal liability covers any vehicle that is being stored, repaired, or serviced at up to three business locations. The same amount of $100,000 coverage is in effect.

Be sure to always ask if you are eligible for any discounts. There are many insurance carriers who offer discounts for payments in full or those who have been in business for several years. By taking the time to review your insurance at regular intervals can help save money and allow your business to prosper. Take the time to contact an agent today and ask them what options are available for your business. Click here buriedcar.com/tow-truck-insurance-cost to read more about tow truck insurance costs.

Top Tips To Scoring Better Car Finance With Bad Credit



Having low credit score is not the end of securing good financing terms. It will be more difficult than usual to look for a borrower who accepts this kind of borrower. Terms may not always be as great as what are available for those with good credit but a fair deal is still possible. Bad credit does not mean bad loan terms.

To get better car finance with bad credit, use these tips:

Tip #1: Be with someone when securing car finance.

Experts suggest bringing along someone when applying for a loan. An extra set of eyes and ears can help see any term, which may not in the best interest of the borrower. There is a tendency for borrowers with bad credit to grab the first offer for car finance. The other person can be more critical in poring over the terms of the loan.

Tip #2: Choose based on loan terms rather than on monthly payments

Some people immediately look at how much the monthly payments will be. This may be a good thing in order to make monthly payments easier, thus, reducing the risk for late or missed payments. These can further credit scores. However, in the end, shorter loan periods typically come with lower annual rates. If longer loan term is needed just to make the monthly payments, then it is highly probable that the vehicle is out of the borrowers price range. The best action? Look for a less inexpensive vehicle.

Tip #3: Check the add-ons

Subprime borrowers have higher possibilities of getting loan contracts with unnecessary add-ons. Do not agree to these, which include extended warranties, insurance and after-market services.

Tip #4: Be cautious against yo-yo

The yo-yo is a classic move of some unscrupulous car dealers. This is when the buyer is informed of an increase in the monthly payments or down payment a few days or weeks after the sale. This can happen if the contract is conditional or contingent. Buyers who sign this type of contract generally pay higher rates, with an average of 5% higher than what should have been paid under different circumstances.

Tip #5: Scrutinize the contract

A lot of buyers/borrowers are just too happy and eager with their car finance and car purchase that they just sign their names without looking at each and every item on the contract. Read everything. This will take us to the next tips.

Tip #6: Negotiate

Do not be scared of negotiating. A bad credit is not ineligibility for negotiations. Borrowers with bad credit can still negotiate and get a better deal. Granted that a poor credit score does place a borrower at some disadvantage. It will be harder to negotiate the terms of the auto loan. However, enough research and planning can help in this case. Before buying the car and applying for car finance, check the prevailing purchase price and interest rates. Check that the price is within the budget.

Next, check the monthly payments and see if it it is within the set budget. Negotiating the auto loan terms can be quite a feat. An alternative is to try and negotiate the purchase price. A small amount saved now will have a huge impact later when about to close a car finance with bad credit.

How To Become An Auto Electrician.

There is a high demand for auto electricians due to the increase in the number of car breakdowns and auto electrical repairs. An auto electrician has to be someone who fully understands everything about automotive breakdowns to assess and fix any car problems.

Their work is to set up, uphold, make a diagnosis of slip ups and repair cabling and computer based gears in cars, trucks, caravans, earth moving, trailers, and agricultural tools and equipment.

They will analyze, overhaul and repair failures on electronically restricted vehicle systems like electronic fuel ignition and injection, cruise control, automatic transmissions and anti-lock braking.

They also examine, restore, overhaul and put in apparatus or equipment like alternators, starter motors, generators, and batteries. An auto electrician will also repair switches, fuses, ignition, lamps and electrical wiring and make use of specialized electrical machine and tools.

Certification will depend on employer expectations. For example, some auto shops will hire a technician who is right out of school while others may employ those who are certified. It is a good idea to go ahead and look for certification as this will give you an advantage in the job market as they will be paid more.

Most auto technicians usually complete their certification process through the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE). The organization is recognized as the standard for auto technician competence assessment.

It offers certification exams in all the eight core automobile systems as well as in the different specialized areas. The core automotive systems include automatic transmissions, engine repair, brakes, suspension and steering, electrical systems, heating and air conditioning and engine performance.

As you gain more experience as an auto electrician, you may choose to specialize in one particular automotive system. There are many programs designed to train technicians in only one area. However, you will find that you have to complete a general training program before specializing.

This is because of the fact that you will have to deal with many components in vehicles depending on an electrical current. Therefore, it will not be sensible for an auto electrician to have at least a basic knowledge of every system.

The vehicle electrical systems are becoming more intricate as the years go by, and the technician will, therefore, have to stay ahead of technology. At times, the malfunctions may seem complicated, but you have to try to come up with a solution. Continued study of all the latest techniques will help you to stay ahead of the game

Choose The Specialists In Window Tint In Bellevue

What are the benefits of choosing the best window tint in Bellevue experts? If you are looking to have your car windows tinted, then the smartest way to go is by hiring a specialist. After all, you can get the best value for your money by going straight to the expert instead of relying on a company that does not offer the quality of service you deserve.

Below are just some of the great benefits that you can get from having your car window tinted by a specialist in Bellevue:

1. Minimize light transmission in your car interiors.

A renowned company in auto glass tinting can minimize the amount of visible light or daylight that gets into your car. For instance, there are companies that use ultra solar window films, which prevent daylight from passing through the glass window. This way, you can obtain greater comfort while you drive, as well as get maximum privacy and security for your personal items when you leave the car parked at a mall's basement or along the street.

2. Resist scratches and damages on the car window.

Your car is probably one of your best investments, so it only makes sense to keep it well-protected from damages. Auto glas tinting gives your car a scratch-resistant property, which is beneficial in protecting it from premature wear and tear due to exposure to harsh elements including intense heat. Moreover, window tint spares the glass from shattering easily, particularly in the event of a vehicular accident or if an object hits the windows while you are driving.

3. Keep the interiors of your car cool.

No matter how hot it is outside, having your windows tinted can keep the interiors cooler and more comfortable. In fact, quality auto glass tint minimizes heat inside the vehicle by as much as 60 percent. With this in mind, you can experience great comfort while you drive even if it is scorching hot outside. If you are headed for a long drive, the overall experience should be a pleasant one instead of getting soaked in sweat from the heat penetrating inside the car.

Finding the right company that offers window tint in Bellevue can give you total satisfaction from the services provided. Make it a point to choose the experts in auto window tinting and experience all of these benefits that will make driving a pleasure even if it is intensely hot on the road.

Purchasing The Right Tyres For Your Vehicle

Purchasing the right tyres for your vehicle depends on several factors like cost, safety, appearance, brand, and comfort. There are crucial steps involved to make sure that you obtain the right set of wheels for your vehicle.

When it comes to price, you have a choice between a premium and a budget type of tyre. The premium ones are for high performing vehicles, such as Formula One and luxury cars. If you own this type of vehicle, you can even fit it with custom wheels. The budget ones are for everyday cars and for those who are watching the expenses for maintaining their cars and looking for the cheapest tyre available.

Fitting Your Car with the Right Type of Tyre

A specialist from a tyre shop can recommend the right kind of tyre that is suitable for your vehicle. Prices vary depending on the tyre and vehicle type. A good quality tyre can endure any type of weather. If you cannot decide on your own, you can talk to an expert regarding the best type of tyre that your car needs.

Used Car

If you purchased a used car, it is important that you inspect the tyres to make sure they are the right ones. If you are uncertain about it, check the handbook that goes with it. However, if it does not go with a handbook, you may be able to find the information online. Better yet, you can also consult a specialist, so you can replace your set of wheels in case you have the wrong ones.

Different Types for the Same Vehicle

There are vehicles that can be fitted with different tyre types. In this case, one set could be cheaper than the other. This is the reason why cost is a huge factor in deciding on the type of tyre. Many people prefer the budget type of tyre if they are suitable for their vehicle. An advantage of this type is that it is easy to replace because there are more of them in demand.

Conclusion

The price is such an important factor when purchasing tyres for your vehicle. This has become even more crucial because of the increasing costs of maintaining a car. A specialist from a tyre shop would have a good idea of the type of tyre that you need for your car. You must also do a research because some of them may just want to have a quick sale.

Common Basic Car Care Checklist

Car maintenance is the act of examining or checking the condition of the car's subsystems and replacing its parts and fluids for a better performance and to prevent possible engine problems. It is significant to have regular car maintenance to guarantee the reliability, safety, comfort and longevity of the car. During preventive maintenance, parts are to be replaced if needed for safety reasons as well as to avoid more serious damage.

Based on data from car repairs in austin, car maintenance schedule depends on the year, model and the construction of the car, the driving conditions as well as the behavior of the driver. The ideal car service maintenance should be done based on these limits:

* During extreme weather climates- hot or cold or changes in weather

* During some heavy stop and go and for long distance cruising

* By the number of trips and the distance traveled by each trip in a day

There are two types of automotive maintenance schedule to follow. There is the standard car schedule and the car specific maintenance schedule. Sticking to either of the two car maintenance schedules will help your car to run and look good for a long time.

The common basic car care checklist includes the following:

1. Car Wash - Wash your car regularly and as needed particularly after long trips

2. Checking and replacing the engine oil and filters - Checking them helps you to identify if you already need replacement

3. Checking and replacing the fuel filters - Same as engine oils, fuel filter replacement may be required as well

4. Inspecting and replacing the windshield wipers - As windshield wipers are relatively important, making sure the properly work is a must.

5. Inspection of the tires for possible wear and pressure - Essential parts like tires must also be checked as often as needed.

6. Wheel balancing - Not doing so may result in road accidents.

7. Wheel Alignment - Are they all properly aligned and adjacent to each other? Better check them out.

8. Checking and cleaning or replacing the batteries - Your car wouldn't function at all without them.

9. Inspecting and replacing the brake pads - This must be done especially if you have a problem stopping the vehicle

10. Checking or flushing fluids form brake, power steering wheel, and transmission

11. Inspecting and replacing electrical wirings - Not properly installed wiring may lead to poor performance of the engine

 

12. Inspecting and replacing air filter -Not doing so may reduce the effectiveness of the vehicles air conditioning and heating performance and may reduce airflow

13. Inspecting and replacing belts- This is to avoid screeching car belt

14. Lubricating of locks, hinges, and latches

15. Checking of lighting system - This is particularly important during night trips

16. Tightening of the cars knots and bolts - This is to prevent them from getting loose

17. Checking the rubber boots if it needs replacement

Make the above-mentioned basic car care checklist a guide for your car's optimal performance. Never neglect any minor problems as it affects the safety and comfort of your travel.

3 Easy Ways I Can Sell My Van For Free

I was trying to sell my van for free but it took me a while because I didn't know who to go to. This article will tell you how to sell your van for virtually no money.

Do you have a van that is simply sitting in your driveway and it needs gone this week? You want it gone but really do not want to put a whole lot of money and effort into placing ads. It is easy to understand why you never get a guarantee that your van will sell even after the ad has been paid for. We are going to help you move that van out of the driveway at no cost to you. You'll have a clean driveway again and a few extra dollars in your pocket.

Online Classifieds

If you are looking for a fast and free way to get rid of that van, you will want to fire up your internet connection. Head over to an online classified site like Craigslist or Backpage. Create an exciting ad that is going to get people interested in your van. Upload plenty of pictures and price it right and you will start getting emails or calls within the day. The best part of placing an ad on these sites is it is as free as the air!

Set It And Forget It

If you are not using your van for anything you might as well get it off the property. Take a ride around town and see if there are any parking areas where a lot of people are placing their cars for sale. Many times it will be a location where a large store went out of business and the parking lot is a prime location still. As long as the area is relatively safe, why not park your car and let it grab some of that attention as well. Make sure you put up several easy to read signs that include all the pertinent information about your vehicle. Give the van about a week and if there doesn't seem to be any interest either move it to a new spot on the lot or another part of town.

Do Some Leg Work

If you are really wanting to get rid of that van, you may have to do a little bit of hustling. This is going to mean printing up some flyers and placing them up around town. The only cost involved here is paper, printer ink, and a little bit of elbow grease. Create a good looking flyer that is going to attract the eyeballs. If you are not that creative enlist the help of your kids or look online for some creative ideas. Once they have been printed look around town for local bulletin boards. Great places to place your flyers are where people need cars. Thin about bus stations, welfare offices, even local colleges. If your van is priced right the work will pay off in an easy sale for you.

Now you have three easy ways to list your car for sale and not one of them is going to cost you a dime. You can place an online ad, park it in a lot, or place some flyers up around time. Regardless of what you choose, you should end up with some extra cash in your pocket. Hopefully, this article has given you the information you need to take action and sell your van!

Simplify Your Next Car Purchase With These Tips

Have you decided that it's time to find a Ferrari F430 for sale? Are you not sure what you can do to make shopping for one less stressful? You are in the right place if so. Here you'll go over a few of the things you need to think of when you go car shopping, so read along.

Work on your credit score before you buy a car. A bad credit score means higher interest fees. That will result in a higher monthly car bill. And in some cases, that will result in higher premiums for car insurance. Get your credit in order so you aren't locked into high fees for the life of your car loan.

Although some sites suggested not test driving a vehicle because of the emotional attachment that can happen, it is never a good idea to purchase something without trying it out. Take at least a fifteen minute long test drive to really get a feel for how the car handles and how comfortable the car truly is.

Take your time when buying a new car and do your homework. Do not be afraid to get up and walk away from a deal. Don't fall in love with a specific car. If the numbers the dealer is giving you are not what you want, just walk away.

Do not base your car buying decision solely on price. While price is certainly important, so is the reputation of the dealership. You want to find a place that is known for great customer service and standing behind the cars they sell in case you have any problems down the road.

Read all the documents that are presented to you when you purchase a new car. They will usually have a large stack for you to sign. Don't feel pressured into signing anything that you do not understand. If you do not understand something, ask about it before signing. Until you sign your name to all the paperwork, you can walk out of the dealership and not owe a dime.

Never shop for a car based on what you want to pay monthly. Most car sellers will try to help you shop around a monthly payment. This means they can put you in a car that is not what you want by telling you it is what you can afford. The only one who wins is the dealership.

Always be leery of any used car dealers on the side of the road. These dealers almost always have a less than reputable reputation. The cars they sell could have flood damage, need major repairs, and are sold without warranty. Once you drive that car off the lot, any problems the car has are now your problem.

When purchasing a car, do not fall for the salesman's ploy that you must make a deal now to get the special pricing. Instead, tell the salesman you are going to get something to eat and will return in an hour. This will allow time for your emotional attachment to lessen making you able to negotiate the best terms and price.

Stand firm on your down payment. Cars can be sold with no down payment; however, some money down will help the final cost. Be wary of sellers who ask you to increase your down payment. This extra money will typically only go into the pocket of the salesperson and dealership, and does not help your bottom line.

Many of the perks a dealer offers are really expensive, including rust-proofing, paint sealant and anti-theft devices. Shop around before you even approach the lot to find out what local car shops are charging for these services, and then take the quotes you get with you to either get a deal from the dealer or skip those add-ons totally.

A dealer with a great reputation may offer you a better deal than one which advertises great prices. You may find that a dealer who people like to buy from offers perks which aren't available elsewhere, including reduced pressure sales tactics and lower overall price due to freebies thrown in to the sale.

This guide should have helped you learn all that there is to know about car shopping. It doesn't have to be that a difficult task if you know exactly what you're doing. Take the advice and you'll be able to take most of the stress out of shopping for a car.

The Best Hovercraft Manufacturers

Deciding who are the best manufacturers and where to buy a hovercraft is a difficult question because the playing isn't level, as the English might say. For one thing, it depends on your budget and the purpose of you purchase. Someone looking for leisure hovercraft will have very different criteria when searching for hovercraft for sale than someone who wants an ACV for racing purposes. Another consideration quality. If your budget is a little tight, then you might forego some of the bells and whistles of the up-market models for a solid basic craft that just does what you want and is a bit spartan to the eye - more info leisure-hovercraft.com.

Not every manufacturer produce air cushioned craft specifically for racing, as it's quite a specialized field. The hull is normally very thin but lightweight and often fabricated from reinforced glass fiber. The downside is that this material splits, although it is very rigid, and is very light when compared to most plastics or an aluminium hull. Racing vehicles are stripped of all components that just aren't required to help the machine goes faster, for that is it's purpose! It will certainly hug the ground, and so the skirt may be less substantial than most other smaller craft.



Although safety is a consideration, speed is the first priority as sportsmen generally accept a certain level of danger as part and parcel of their particular sport. Leisure hovercraft, however, are a different kettle of fish. Although they can clip along at up to 40 kph, speed is not their prime function. These babies are designed for adults and kids to have fun by skipping very the surface of terra firma, lake or sea, but in total safety, which makes complete sense for a family man taking his kids out for an exciting ride in something completely different.

The answer is therefore 'it depends on what you want it for'! It's highly probable that the number of leisure type personal hovercraft on the market far outnumbers the racing variety, so there's an amazing amount of choice with wide options to suit your budget. There's even a company based in Brazil called Hovery who market an inflatable model that packs away in the trunk of a car and takes just 15 minutes to get up and running. Options include one or two engines, depending on the number of passengers, and you can even buy one with an electric motor which is the way to go for our planet.

A Look Into The Presidential Limousine

Limo One, arguably the worlds safest presidential limo, is no James Bond sci-fi fantasy. While its specs are not disclosed for security reasons, what can be said is how its got a pretty great deal of armor, equipment and prestige.

With Luxury Road Events, you get a little taste of how it is being driven around like the President of the United States. Their party buses may not be as armored as the presidential limo or equipped with the same gadgets, but they can provide complete safety and convenience for you, your family members and friends. Clients are treated with an unquestionable VIP service to events such as business meetings, corporate functions, formal events, wine tastings, brewery tours and more. It doesnt matter whether the need is for one person or a large group of guests. All requests can be accommodated.

American cars have been selected throughout history to transport the most important individual in the United States. A variety of them have been commissioned since the late 1930s, as implemented by the Federal Government. As for the current heavily armored vehicle, referred to by the Secret Service as The Beast, we know that it commenced service on January 20, 2009 in time for newly elected President Obama. General Motors handled the manufacturing, and its design was based on the previous limo during President Bushs time, the Cadillac DTS. Unlike its predecessor, however, this one doesnt carry a specific model name.

If you put a vehicle of standard production and The Beast side by side, theyre practically from two different planets. With regard to looks, its outward appearance does share a lot of current Cadillac styling themes, but its body displays a greatly modified version of the recent DTS-badged presidential cars. Its door handles, side mirrors and headlights all seem to have been sourced from the Escalade model, whereas its backup lights and taillights seem taken from the STS sedan.

A maximum of seven people can fit comfortably in Limo One, and at least three passengers are aboard at all times: Mr. President, the driver and the lead Secret Service protective agent. In the back, there are four additional seats, with one spot next to Mr. President and the other three being rearward-facing spots. The driver has to be a top selection, one whos undergone extensive training and can perform police-style maneuvers in the case of evading attacks.

The extent of protection on The Beast seems to be no joke. Its doors allegedly weigh the same as those of an aircraft like the Boeing 757, while the five-inch thick bulletproof windows are believed to comprise at least five layers. Regarding other rumored details, the armor plating has a thickness of eight inches and the vehicle, as a whole, weighs a total of 20,000 lbs.!

Regarding on-board equipment, youd be surprised if you thought those tools flaunted in action films couldnt all be in one ride in real life. The Beasts trunk comes fully prepared for any extremes with shotguns, oxygen tanks, firefighting equipment, tear gas canisters, grenade launchers (only speculated) and even a cache of blood type that matches the presidents! Indeed, this limo isnt just some royal carriage. Its ready to do everything it can to guard the most powerful man in the U.S., if not the free world.

Are You Up For Buying A Used Tiguan For Sale In Kent?

What are some of the used cars you've purchased in the past? The last used car I bought was a Mazda 626, and right before that, it was a Nissan Maxima. I was told that foreign cars are sometimes better to buy used, but everyone has their own preferences. What do you think about Volkswagen? The Volkswagen Tiguan is a popular used vehicle. Have you searched to see if there is a used Tiguan for sale in Kent ?

If you're not familiar with the Tiguan, you need to take a look at the type of vehicle it is and if it would work for you and your family. This is a nice luxury vehicle if you ask me, but the only thing is new ones cost around 40 grand. That's right, so if you don't want to pay almost 40,000 'smackerooos' for a new vehicle, then you might want to see if you can find a used Tiguan in Kent.

If a vehicle costs that much brand new, you can bet that it's supposed to perform well for quite some time. You should be able to count on a used Tiguan for many years, and hopefully you can find one with low mileage. Are you wanting to buy one that is just a year or two old, or are you wanting to try and find one that is a few years older. I'm not certain what year they started making Tiguans. For example, if you wanted a five year old used vehicle, the Tiguan might not have been around then.

The 40,000 listing price for a new Volkswagen Tiguan was for a vehicle with all the upgrades of course. They do have new listings for these vehicles as low as 27,000. With new prices fluctuating like that between different models, you can bet it's going to pay off to look at the used prices closely as well. For example, I found one 2013 used Tiguan that is on sale for 26,000. That is a used Tiguan, but you can buy a new one for that price if you add 1,000 to the mix.



Of course, that 2013 Tiguan is probably one of the more luxurious models. I think that any of these vehicles used should be under 20,000. I'm looking at the listings just right quick on one site to see what I can find. First of all, I see Tiguans at this dealership going back as far as 2012. Now, these are certified pre-owned vehicles, and that is what you want to make sure you get your hands on by the way. Moreover, I'm starting to see listings in the 19,000 range.

As a matter of fact, I now see one used Tiguan from 2009 that is selling in the 12,000 range. There is also one from 2010 that is selling for under 11,000 dollars. So there you have it, you can buy a used Volkswagen Tiguan in Kent for anywhere from 11,000 on up to 27,000. It pays to look around!

Latest Hovercraft Materials

Like all vehicles, small hovercraft constructions can be separated into distinct categories, with sole aspects of them relating to two or more of these categories. Let's call them hull construction, skirt, engines, controls and fitments, just like any other mode of transport. Of course, the overall design scheme is to integrate these distinct systems into one whole unit that performs in the required manner - it must float and move forward carrying passengers in safety, easy to control and be economical to buy and run - a tall order!

How much is a personall hovercarft? Hovercraft prices have come down significantly because of constant development in each category and new ideas are appearing all the time. A major step forward occurred with the invention of new composite expanded plastic materials that enabled designers to incorporate new techniques to hull design. Traditionally, small ACV craft were built on glass fiver hulls, which were light and strong, but didn't react too well to shocks and bangs. Basically, they tend to split and are very difficult to repair properly. New plastic materials don't surrender their unit strength when one part of it is impacted by a rock, for example.



The skirt is another major design component and is the subject of much improvements at the present time. In the past, the skirt was fabricated with just one piece of material, and then fastened securely around the perimeter of the craft hull. The material used was often rubber based with interlacing cross layers of material. In other cases, rip-stop fabric was used similar to the sail cloth used on large sailing boats. One big drawback of using a one-piece design is that if the skirt is damaged, then it has to change out completely.

The latest skirt design have revolutionized the cost of damage by splitting it up into small sections. One company is using a for of Kevlar for this, which is extremely tough and durable. However, anything can get damaged in the right conditions. This company fastens the sections to the hull securely, but they are only fastened to it's neighboring section using cheap nylon tie-wraps. If one section is snagged, it simply breaks the tie-wraps. If it is damaged, then it's easily replaced by another section that can be carried in the spares cupboard. Modern small hovercraft hulls have a molded compartment to house the engines, either one or two, and a lid minimizes the noise while allowing maintenance access.